Technische Universität München

The Entrepreneurial University

 
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Hormones are messenger molecules released by endocrine glands to regulate specific body functions like blood glucose level or muscle growth. The hormones bind to receptors on the cell membrane or bind to receptors on the cell nucleus. In this context hormone antagonists and modulators are substances influencing these effects by inhibiting or stimulating specific receptors and furthermore accelerating or retarding selective reactions by enzymes.

The hormone antagonists and modulators are part of the 2008 Prohibited List of the World Anti-Doping Code. They are prohibited at all times (in- and out-of-competition). The 2008 Prohibited List differentiates between aromatase inhibitors, selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), agents modifying myostatin function and other anti-estrogenic substances.

 

Hormone antagonist 1 en

Hormone antagonist 2 en

Hormone antagonist 3 en

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